光华讲坛—马来亚大学 Angathevar Baskaran副教授：Social Entrepreneurship and Inclusive Growth: Attributes, Perceptions and Roles of Business Incubators and Intermediaries in Malaysia
主 题：Social Entrepreneurship and Inclusive Growth: Attributes, Perceptions and Roles of Business Incubators and Intermediaries in Malaysia
主讲人：马来亚大学 Angathevar Baskaran副教授
Angathevar Baskaran is currently an associate professor (visiting) at the Department of Development Studies of Faculty of Economics and Administration of University of Malaya. He holds a bachelor degree in History and Political Science from Madurai, master degree in History from Punjab and in Political Science from Madurai, master of science in Financial Management from Middlesex, master of Philosophy in International Studies from JNU and doctoral degree in Science and Technology Policy Studies from Sussex.
Dr. Baskaran’s research expertise include Economics of innovation; National innovation systems; Science, Technology and Development; FDI & OFDI; and Business Incubators; Entrepreneurship & Financial Management of Small Businesses, with main focus on multidisciplinary themes related to emerging and developing economies. He has produced over 80 publications, including over 25 articles in peer reviewed international journals, 10 books and 20 chapters in books. Research consultancy undertaken includes work for Oxford Analytica, UNESCO and OECD. His book Bridging the Digital Divide: Innovation Systems for ICT in Brazil, China, India, Thailand and Southern Africa was selected as BOOK OF THE MONTH in HARVARD UNIVERSITY and is also listed in the resources of World Bank website (Knowledge for Development).
Dr. Baskaran is Co-Editor-in-Chief of African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (AJSTID); Member, Editorial Board in International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Asian Journal of Technology Innovation, and Innovation and Development.
Social enterprises are considered to be at the heart of inclusive growth due to their emphasis on people and social cohesion and help effect social and economic transformation. Malaysia’s New Economic Model (NEM) set out three objectives -- high income, sustainability and inclusiveness, as the foundation for transformation to advanced nation by 2020. In the Tenth Malaysia Plan (2011-2015) 2 out of 10 objectives are on achieving inclusive growth. This paper explores the eco-system for social enterprises in Malaysia, particularly focusing on the following research questions: 1. What are the attributes (features) of business incubators and intermediaries operating in the social enterprise sector in Malaysia; 2. What are the perceptions of business incubators and intermediaries about various aspects of social enterprise ecosystem in Malaysia? And 3. What is the role of business incubators and other intermediaries in fostering social entrepreneurship in Malaysia general and meeting the inclusive growth objective of the country in particular?
The study employs qualitative approach to analyze six cases of business incubators and intermediaries. It uses primary data gathered through interviews of eight business incubators and intermediaries, and twenty social enterprises. The study found that the current social enterprise ecosystem is weak and still emerging and yet to take a concrete shape. The absence of legal status for social enterprise is the single most important obstacle in unlocking the potential growth of this sector and is seriously affecting the private sector participation such as coupling of CSR related funding with the development of social businesses. The study suggests that the government initiate appropriate policy measures to give legal status to social enterprise in the country in order to develop the ecosystem and facilitate greater participation of the private sector.
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